A Study of the Influence of Mental Strategies Adopted by the Pupils of Elementary Grades for Solving Arithmetic Operations on their Mathematics Achievement

Heena Dawar and Dr. Seema Agnihotri

The present investigation was a proximal study and so there was a little need to make assumptions about the parametric methods. The investigator, therefore, planned to use non – parametric methods for the purpose of analysis and interpretation of data. For identifying association between subtraction strategies adopted by the pupils of elementary grades and their achievement in subtraction and their scholastic achievement in mathematics particular, the non – parametric techniques of ‘ CHI – Square ’ was planned to be used. Also to study the degree of relationship between different attributes in numerical terms, calculation of ‘Contingency Coefficient C’ method was planned to be used in the present investigation. The results of the study showed that the sampled pupils of grades one and two were found to be using three sets of subtraction strategies namely: Modelling, Counting and Mental Strategy. It was observed that from among the 22 high achievers, 7 i.e. 32% used modelling strategy while 9 i.e. 41% used counting strategy and the rest 6 i.e. 27% used mental strategy.

Volume 11 | 04-Special Issue

Pages: 1888-1893