Strengthening Cooperation of Indonesia-Vietnam in Combating Illegal Fishing in Indonesian Waters

Irene Mariane and Adi Sulistiyono

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world. With its strategic location between two continents, two oceans and in the middle of the Equator line makes Indonesia directly adjacent with Papua New Guinea, Malaysia and Timor Leste; and directly adjacent to Australia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, India and the Republic of Palau. The delimitation of the maritime boundary consists of the territorial Sea, the boundary of the Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE) and the Continental Sea Boundary. Technically this maritime boundary determination is regulated in A Manual on Technical Aspects of United Nations Convension on The Law of The Sea (TALOS) of 1993 issued by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO). With the strategic location of Indonesia, Indonesia has become one of the countries that is rich in natural resources, especially fish. This attracts the attention of foreign fishermen to be able to enjoy it illegally, among others from Vietnam. Illegal fishing activities by Vietnamese fishermen are conducted on the grounds that the maritime boundary between Indonesia and Vietnam has not yet been completely established. Indonesia's efforts to overcome illegal fishing activities that are cross-border is not easy and not sufficiently done by the Indonesian government alone. Therefore it is necessary to strengthen bilateral cooperation between Indonesia and Vietnam in combating illegal fishing in Indonesian waters.

Volume 12 | 08-Special Issue

Pages: 26-30

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12SP8/20202497