Influence of Change in Hominids’ Place of Life on Anthropogenesis

Andrey I. Nesterov and Mikhail I. Borovkov

The study problem is urgent due to need in approving the evolutionary theory of descent of man. Recently, unscientific point of view to the descent of man is increasingly disseminating. Religious vision on anthropogenesis was resumed in the consciousness of our Russian people, religious figures again began to introduce the idea of the divine origin of man. The quantity and quality of the transmitted information has increased for introducing to the minds of citizens an unreasonable hypothesis that life has gone from space aliens. The purpose of the article is to more accurately explain the conditions of man origin. The main approach the in the study of this problem is physiological one. The study found that the primary cause of anthropogenesis was a sharp change in a certain place of physical space, caused by the condition of forest fire. Change in wild apes habitat due to a fire, creates a biological factor of hunger in the apes, as the forest fire destroyed the food habitual for the apes. Hunger forces them to search and find new food for the vital activity and ways of its preparation (reception) that leads to anthropogenesis. The physiological approach in the study shows how the new first way of life of already human society influenced the physiological changes of anthropoid apes, as the forced direct walking of primitive people changed their physical structure (the lower limbs of a man turned into feet). The materials of this article essentially develop a scientific vision of how the transition from the biological species of wild apes to the socio-biological species (primitive man) took place. Hypothesis of anthropogenesis, proposed in the article by A.I. Nesterov, can be useful for the practical identification of the causes of anthropogenesis. At the same time, it connects two scientifically grounded theories explaining origin of man as a „missing link‟: this „transition link‟ connects Darwin's theory of evolution and Marx‟s and Engels‟ labor theory of value.

Volume 12 | 07-Special Issue

Pages: 154-162

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12SP7/20202094