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The Human Development and Poverty Alleviation based on Klassen's Typology: Case Study of East Java Province


Yolanda, Indah Purnama Sari, Srie Nuning Mulatsih and Agustina Massora
Abstract

This study aims to examine the determinants of the Human Development Index and its impact on poverty in East Java Province with the Klassen's Typology approach. The research uses quantitative methods, with multiple linear regression analysis using panel data of 266 samples, taken from 38 districts/cities in East Java with a total example of 7 years (from 2011 to 2017). As an independent variable in this study is the Gini ratio and crime, HDI is an intervening variable, and the dependent variable is poverty. The results showed that based on the typology of development classifications in East Java classified as dynamic and heterogeneous, where all quadrants filled. There are 13 districts/cities located in Quadrant I (Fast-Forward and Fast-Growing Regions), five areas are in quadrant II (Fast-Developing Regions), six districts in quadrant III (Forward but Depressed Regions), and 14 Districts in quadrant IV (Relatively Disadvantaged Areas). Based on statistical tests, the Gini ratio and crime simultaneously proved to influence HDI significantly, the Gini ratio and offence partially proved to affect HDI significantly, and HDI proved to impact poverty significantly.

Volume 12 | Issue 7

Pages: 477-483

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12I7/20202029