The History Textbooks and Rediscovery of Nationalism in Indonesia

Darwati, Sariyatun, Leo Agung Sutimin and Akhmad Arif Musadad

Learning of history has a strategic role in strengthening national identity. Thus, history learning contributes to the rediscovery of nationalism among the younger generation. Increasing history learning as a means for enhancing patriotism has a strategic meaning. It is because there are various kinds of challenges to nationalism among Indonesian youth. An analytical instrument in history learning and nationalism is textbooks. Textbooks play a role in presenting a series of historical material that is studied by students. However, the content of nationalism in books in the 2013 curriculum in Indonesia still needs to be considered in depth. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the extent to which history textbooks present information relating to nationalism. Furthermore, this paper also analyzes the strategies that need to be taken to develop textbooks that are capable of being a means of reinventing nationalism. First of all, this study will investigate the textbooks used by students. Then, analyze how the contents, as well as the contribution of textbooks in fostering nationalism. The textbooks analyzed were books published by the Ministry of Education and Culture, as well as several textbooks published by private publishers, such as Erlangga and Yudhistira. Besides, interviews were also conducted with users about the contribution of books to the effort to rediscover nationalism.

Volume 12 | Issue 5

Pages: 501-508

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12I5/20201967