Biofilms and their Concomitant Effects on Medical Devices

Anurag Mishra, D. Madhu Priya and Khalid Imran

Microorganisms are capable of irreversible attachment to surfaces and forming biofilms through secretion of extracellular polymers which aid in their cohesion and furnisha structural matrix. Biofilms are omnipresent and is a major concern for mankind. Biofilm formation on medical devices causes severe problems in hospital environments such as morbidity and mortality. The most crucial concern of biofilm development on various medical devices is the difficulty in destruction of the biofilm. The following review focuses on discussing the multiple concerns associated with biofilm development on medical devices and their effect on human health. This includes the formation of biofilms, the complications, nature of resistance and the various concerns and effects of biofilm formation on medical devices. The need for extensive research on methods that minimize or prevent the contamination of medical devices with biofilm forming organisms is increasing, considering the higher threats posed by them to mankind. A better understanding of biofilms is the need-of-the-hour as it leads to development and designing of better preventive strategies to combat them.

Volume 11 | 10-Special Issue

Pages: 1570-1577

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V11SP10/20193374