Exploring Chinese Language Particles Use to Teach Non-native Speakers

Olga G. Gorbatenko and Jan Chunlai

The article is dedicated to distinctive features of specific particles and the verbs of motion in the Chinese language. The author uses all elementary meanings of specific particles and the verbs of motion under study in Chinese and their potential equivalents in English which is of current interest. The goal of the article is to examine the most problematic aspects that foreign learners deal with when learning the Chinese language. The author has sought to explain the difficulties of some specific grammatical features of the Chinese language. The article provides theoretical explanations and a great number of examples with parallel translation into English. The examples draw parallels between Chinese and English to provide the learners with valuable practice in grammatical constructions which will help to further develop their language skills. The novelty of the article is that the author identifies specific particles and the verbs of motion related mistakes that foreign learners make and offers the way to avoid them. Significant weight is attached to the most essential features of the Chinese language and their divers meanings. The analysis of a great variety of meanings in the same sentence in Chinese is the novelty of the article. Comparing the particles’ meaning within an utterance between Chinese and another language makes it possible to avoid confusing situations when translating texts from Chinese into another language. The analysis of the specific particles helps to identify reasons why the learners make mistakes and find the way to avoid them.

Volume 11 | 12-Special Issue

Pages: 1383-1389

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V11SP12/20193358