Food Security Program towards Community Food Consumption

Ketut Arnawa, Putu Lasmi Yulianthi Sapanca, Luh Kadek Budi Martini, I Gusti Bagus Udayana, I Wayan Suryasa

The purpose of this study was to examine the use of home yard in supporting food security program in rural areas. Two groups of farmers in Sidawa village, Bangli, were involved in the study and each group had 20 cooperators. Four models have been developed in the study, namely cultivation model in very narrow, narrow, medium, and wide home yard. Data were analyzed by examining some variables observed on plants which included several agronomic components (e.g. production), economic aspects of R/C ratio analysis, and food consumption adequacy analysis (e.g. energy adequacy ratio (EAR) and desirable dietary pattern (DDP)). Results of the study show that the highest average production was eggplants, then followed by tomatoes, local chilies, and chili peppers. Furthermore, agribusiness done in home yard gained favorable profit with the average of R/C > 1. The community's consumption pattern was not as satisfactory as the ideal one, or mostly less than the ideal pattern. Two food groups were consumed for more than the ideal consumption, such as grains, oil, and fat, which are harmful to health. The use of home yard impacted some food groups, namely vegetables and fruits, to exceed the desirable dietary pattern. On the other hand, tuber crops, oily fruits or seeds, and legumes were less than the desirable dietary pattern.

Volume 11 | 02-Special Issue

Pages: 1198-1210