Environmentalism: An Anthropocentric Approach

Sushma Juyal Anthwal and Dr. Rajesh Bahuguna

Environmental problems constitute one of the major problems which started to rise in the 20th century. Some of them arise due to developmental activities and failure to guard the environment from the hazards resulting from development, and some of them occur as a result of lack of development. The environmental problems occur at a local level like pollution occurring due to industrialisation to a global scale like climatic changes and global warming. Since the beginning of the 21st century, India has worked towards reducing the burden of environmental problems by making necessary legislations and making the citizens understand that keeping the environment healthy is a fundamental right for them as mentioned in the Indian constitution. The Indian Jurisprudence regarding environment is framed taking reference from the legislature from other developed countries, but many changes have been made to the legislature, which make the context of Indian jurisprudence unique. The voices of many experts who have knowledge and are interested in maintaining a healthy environment have also been included in the Indian jurisprudence after making necessary changes with respect to Indian context. The laws written in the Indian constitution regarding environment to sustain a healthy environment has three basic qualities which are related to each other. The distinctive environment of this jurisprudence, as this research paper displays in aspect, has three unified essentials. The Indian jurisprudence regarding environment gives greater importance to the concerns of the public than fulfilling private interests, which is the basic element in most of the laws in the Indian constitution. The environmental jurisprudence relies explicitly and implicitly on indigenous values of the Indian constitution, which is the basic element in Indian law regime covering the main postulate of dharma. In diminutive, the enlargement of ecological jurisprudence in India exhibits neo-dharmic jurisprudence in postmodern communal law.

Volume 12 | 04-Special Issue

Pages: 1828-1832

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12SP4/20201669