Epizootic and Epidemic Hazard of Animal Populations (Digitalization of Evidence- Based Epizootology)

Alena Nikolaevna Gorina, Elena Pavlovna Sisyagina, Vasily Vasilyevich Sochnev, Yuliya Viktorovna Pashkina, Sergey Vladimirovich Engashev, Nikolai Vladimirovich Morozov and Olga Vyacheslavovna Kozyrenko

The scientific research was dedicated to studying digital methods of evidence-based epizootology in the expert assessment of the epidemic hazard of animal populations as one of their epizootiologic parameters in the conditions in the Middle and Lower Volga regions. Based on the monitoring and screening studies of the epizootic manifestations of infectious and invasive parasitoses in populations of agricultural, domestic unproductive, and wild animals with the use of the methods of evidence-based epizootology, regional peculiarities of forming contagious diseases in animals in various agroclimatic conditions of the Volga region have been determined, including the functioning of their pathogens on the poly- and monohostal basis in the conditions of the south-eastern part of the Nizhny Novgorod region, and specifically in the Pervomaisk district. The share of the infectious diseases in animals that are dangerous to humans was determined in 22.5 % and 31.1 % of the cases, respectively. The dominating nosologic units were identified in the overall contagious pathology in animals, along with their role in forming the epizootic and epidemic risk in the region. The latter account for 75 % of the number of nosologic forms with increased epidemic risk in the region, and 17.7 % of the total number of nosologic units of the contagious pathology in animals in the studied region during the entire period of retrospection. The obtained results have been assessed with the use of digital technology for the first time in the region, and are a significant indicator of evidence-based epizootology and the basis for optimizing the anti-epidemic safety in the region.

Volume 12 | 03-Special Issue

Pages: 1424-1428

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12SP3/20201394