Super Pixel Segmentation Using Fuzzy Genetic Filter (FGF) with Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs)

V. Kiruthika and R. Karpagam

Superpixel segmentation divides an image into perceptually coherent parts of smaller size, specifically, superpixels. It is attractive a basic preprocessing step for various computer vision tasks since superpixels considerably decrease the no. of inputs and give a significant demonstration designed for feature extraction. Previous Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs) don’t encode the required property of comparable size and have comparatively high computational complexities as well as lesser quality. In the expectation-maximization (EM) solutions of the earlier GMMs, the high computational complexities are caused by with the purpose of the parameters of each Gaussian function require the data of each and every one the data points. In other words, the points clustered in a well-known cluster be able in the direction of emerge universally in the feature space. To decrease the computational complexities and as well increase the quality of the pixels, model every pixel in this work by means of a superpixel-related GMM and Fuzzy Genetic Filter (FGF), in which the Gaussian functions form a subset of the each and every one the Gaussian functions and are associated to the spatial location of with the purpose of pixel. Consequently, simply a subset of the pixels is used in the direction of approximation the parameters of a specified Gaussian function, which accounts for a low computational complexity and higher quality. The Gaussian functions in the proposed GMM are summed with the same weight with noise removed pixels. During the expectation-maximization iterations of approximating of the unknown parameters in the Gaussian functions, noises in the pixels are removed via the use of FGF, we inflict two lower bounds in the direction of shorten the eigenvalues of the covariance matrices, which permits the proposed FGF-GMM method in the direction of manage the reliability of superpixels. Experiments on a benchmark segmentation dataset show with the purpose of FGF-GMM method be able to capably generate superpixels with the purpose of adhere in the direction of object boundaries higher than the present traditional algorithms.

Volume 11 | Issue 9

Pages: 89-100

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V11I9/20192918