Comparing the Institution of Mangrove Management Based in the Forest Management Unit Context Communities in Aceh Province, Indonesia

Nining Rahaningsih, Kaslani

Institutional community-based mangrove management as an alternative to sustainable management of mangrove forests. This study aims to analyze which factors from the institution most play a role in guiding the community in managing mangrove forest resources in relation to forest management units (KPH). To determine the local institutional model that has great potential with collective action with the power of local regulation in the management of common resources needed in sustainable management. Institutional analysis and development framework are used to investigate the performance of each of these institutional patterns. Understanding the conditions under which these local institutions collaborate or compete with each other and with new institutions working at the local level will increase the chances for sustainable forest management in areas where these institutions share responsibility. Of the three models of mangrove management institutions, namely the community institution of PusongKapal Village (DPK), the community institution of PusongTelagaTujoh Village (DPTT), and the Community Forestry (HKm) BinaMufakat institution where the analysis shows that the community institutions of PusongKapal Village (DPK) are more flexible as an alternative form of community-based mangrove management institutions, because this institution is able to adapt to the changing social and environmental conditions that continue to occur, the collaboration of management with the government, and the recognition of community rights in the use of mangrove forests. KPH as the management authority at the site level has guaranteed the upholding of the rights of the DPK community as the manager of mangrove forests so that the bundle of rights and incentives obtained in the management of mangrove resources by DPK communities becomes strong.

Volume 11 | Issue 7

Pages: 485-492