The Impact of Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) Practices on Environmental Orientation of Chemical Industrial Companies in Jordan: The Moderating Role of Employee Environmental Knowledge

Reham Zuhier Qasim Almomani, Khaled Mohammad Banyhamdan and Ruba Risheed Al-Ghdabi

The aim of this study is to investigate the moderation role played by employee environmental knowledge in the impact of green human resource management (GHRM) practices on environmental orientation. A questionnaire, which developed based on the literature, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, was distributed to a sample of managers working at chemical industrial companies in Jordan. A total of 500 questionnaires were handed to respondents and 367 were returned with a total of 299 complete questionnaires. Using IBM SPSS and AMOS, the results revealed that green human resource management practices have a significant impact on environmental orientation. But, employee environmental knowledge has played no moderating role between these two constructs. Particularly, the results indicate that all GHRM practices examined in this study, which weregreen recruitment and selection, green training and development, green performance and evaluation, green reward management, and green health and safety management, have significant effects on environmental orientation. In terms of the moderating role of employee environmental knowledge in the impact of each practice on environmental orientation, the results assert that the moderator variable played no role in the impact of all GHRM practices except green health and safety management. It was concluded based on these results that GHRM practices are related to environmental orientation leaving no room for employee environmental knowledge, i.e., employees are recruited based on their environmental knowledge, trained to acquire such knowledge, evaluated and rewarded via environmental knowledge-based performance. Hence, environmentally oriented organizations should pay more attention to GHRM practices due to the pivotal effects on their eco-friendly orientation.

Volume 11 | 10-Special Issue

Pages: 297-308

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V11SP10/20192805