Melastomataceae Family Species (Melastoma Malabathricum L. Smith, Melastoma Malabathricum var. alba and Clidemia Hirta L. D. Don): A Review of their Ethnomedicinal, Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological Properties

Nur Fauwizah Azahar,Siti Salwa Abd Gani,Uswatun Hasanah Zaidan,Paiman Bawon,Mohd Izuam Effendi Halmi

In Southeast Asia alone, Melastomataceae family comprises 22 species, 2 subspecies and 3 varieties namely Melastoma malabathricum L. Smith, Melastoma malabathricum var. alba and Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don and has gained the attention of scientific research. Traditionally, various parts of this genus such as leaves, shoots, barks, roots, and flowers are used to accelerate wound healing, lower high blood pressure, cure diarrhea, dysentery, stomach ulcers, toothache, sinusitis, and also for post-natal care. Studies have also explored the broad pharmacological actions of various parts of Melastomataceae species such as their antioxidant, anti-bacterial, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and antinociceptive properties. Phytochemical constituents and secondary metabolites have been discovered and identified on various plant parts of different Melastomataceae species. Thus, the objective of this review is to show comprehensive information on ethanomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological properties of various species of Melastomataceae , Melastoma malabathriucm L. Smith, Melastoma malabathricum var. alba and Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don.

Volume 11 | 08-Special Issue

Pages: 1105-1114