Amazigh and the February 17 Libyan Revolution: An Analysis of the Policy of Muammar Al Qaddafi that Motivated the Amazigh Participation in the Revolution

Rabiha Mohammed Fayz, Salmah Binti Omar and Musa Yusuf Owoyemi

The history of the modern Arab world has been characterized by the revolutions that have swept through most of the Arab countries and are still gripping them. However, each country was different from others in causes, events and results of their revolutions. Even in its duration and consequences. Libya was one of those countries that entered a revolution that began on 17 February 2011 and ended with the entry of the rebels into the capital of Libya (Tripoli) on 27 August 2011, and finally with the killing of Muammar Al Qaddafi in the city of Sirte on 20 October 2011. However, of the events and developments that made the Arab spring revolution in Libya different from those in other Arab countries, one such issue is the participation of non-Arab ethnic group in the Libyan revolution. This ethnic group is the Amazigh people. They are one of the basic and ancient components of Libyan society, which is characterized by its unique language and cultural heritage which is different from the Arab language and cultural heritage. This ethnic group was treated differently byMuammar Al Qaddafi government, which was the cause of their (Amazighs’) participation in the revolution against him.

Volume 11 | 05-Special Issue

Pages: 1129-1135