Illegal Fishing in The Maritime Boundaries of Indonesia

Irene Mariane

Indonesia as an archipelagic country has a boundaries consisting of territorial sea borders, the limit of Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE) and the Continental Shelf Boundary. Indonesia is directly bordered by many other countries, it is bordered by land with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea (PNG), and Timor Leste, meanwhile, it is also bordered by the sea with 10 other countries namely India, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Republic of Palau, Australia, Timor Leste and Papua New Guinea (PNG). Indonesia’s waters are directly bordered by the neighboring countries which are often used as the access for trans-national crime such as illegal fishing. Although there have been some laws that regulate the activities of illegal fishing but illegal fishing activities conducted by these neighboring countries still often occur. The vastness of Indonesia's territorial waters makes the government supervision in the border areas of the waters has not been optimal, the lack of good border security technology facilities and the lack of involvement of traditional fishermen's role become the factors that cause an illegal fishing. Illegal fishing activities are not only a matter of Indonesia but also a cross-border issue because the actors and their activities happening across the country. Therefore, the handling of this issue must be done cross-country, either by establishing strategic measures or through bilateral cooperation.

Volume 11 | 05-Special Issue

Pages: 952-957