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Design and Development of a Duct based Forced Air Incubator to Maintain Optimum Incubation Temperature for Efficient Hatching of Chicken Eggs


C. Stanly Felix and Venkat Subramaniam
Abstract

The demand for the poultry farm based products in terms of healthy day old chicks is high in the small scale consumer market. There are reasons to avoid natural way of hatching eggs and in turn gives rise to artificial hatching methods. The small scale incubators used by the economically weaker section of the society are expected to hatch 50 to 100 fertile chicken eggs. It was found that the percentage of hatchability is very low in the existing small scale artificial incubators. This paper highly concentrates in artificial hatching of 50 fertile chicken eggs using an innovative technique called duct and hole mechanism. It provides the required incubation temperature on the egg shells throughout the hatching period of 21 days. It increases the rate of hatching to the maximum than that of the expected. To automate the hatching process an embedded system design is used to control the incubator parameters like incubation temperature(37°C to 38 °C) , humidity(45% to 75%)and periodical turning of the eggs. The prime objective is to resolve the issues of the small scale ductless forced air incubator by maintaining the optimum incubation temperature and thereby increasing the percentage of hatchability. The duct based model is prominent in efficiently hatching the fertile chicken eggs which are placed near to the heating element of a small sized incubator.

Volume 11 | 06-Special Issue

Pages: 56-61