Public participation has been a subject of active discussion in many fields particularly in political and administrative science. This concept emerge when public became to a large extent more concerned about the involvement in governmental decision making processes than they had been before. At this time, in most of the countries, public participation issue increasingly catch the interest of the academics, practitioners, regulators as well as the governments. Currently, with the extraordinary growth of information and communication technologies (ICT), e-participation has been recently proposed to indicate the integration of ICT purposely to support the traditional participatory process. It is believe that these technologies namely the internet has made it possible for the public to easily communicate, deliberate, and collaborate. In fact, e-participation serves various objectives such as providing information to citizens,generating support among citizens,utilizing citizens’ input in decision making and inquiring about citizens’ needs. E-participation also can help to improvise public involvement in the government as it serve to encourage two-way communication between government and citizens, educate citizens on the underlying principle and complexity of policy-making, legitimize government decisions and provide opportunities for mutual learning. Theoretically, e-participation seems to open up huge possibilities and offer various benefit to the public as well as to the government than the traditional way of participation. Yet, it is rarely clear how e-participation is shaped in practices and how it is perceived by the public. Therefore, there is a need for better understanding about e participation and public participation itself. This paper attempt to explore the concept of this subject matter in comprehensively manner in order for the public to understand.
Volume 11 | 08-Special Issue